Gardening Growing Tomatoes

15 Common Tomato Fruit Problems and Solutions

Tomato fruit problems are very common to the gardeners. It may happen for environmental effects, bugs and pathogenic attacks or lack of caring of the gardener.

Some fruit problems have some remedies and some problems can destroy the whole effort. However, you can’t control the environments but take some precautions to reduce the risk of the problems.

Here I discuss the most common tomato fruit problems and diseases and their possible solutions.

01: Blossom End Rot

Blossom end rot is a common tomato fruit problem caused by environmental effects and lack of nutrients. The problem appears when the growing season starts. Fruits become affected when they reach almost half of their actual size.

This is not a fungal or viral disease and doesn’t spread out from one plant to another. It is also common in pepper, squash, eggplant, cucumber, and melon.

Tomato Blossom End Rot
Photo courtesy: Scot Nelson

Causes and symptoms:

A water-soaked spot appears on the bottom of the fruit and enlarge, eventually turn dark brown and leathery.

Imbalanced soil nutrients like too much nitrogen or too little calcium during fruit development can cause the problem. Besides a high salt level in soil or plant damage through plant care can also cause the problem.

Fluctuating soil moisture, poor drainage system, heavy rainfall, inadequate water supply, and drought can hamper calcium uptake to the plants which cause blossom end rot.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety code: “BER”

  • Provide adequate water supply to keep moisten the soil. Proper drainage system with aeration helps to set and grow healthy fruits. 
  • Mulching helps to hold soil moisture during the dry season.
  • Sometimes foliar plants spraying with calcium chloride helps to prevent the problem but don’t spray very often.
  • Transplanting tomato plants when the night time temperature reaches at least 55° Fahrenheit and avoid early planting to reduce the risk of blossom end rot.
  • Measuring soil nutrient by using a soil test kit to provide the required nutrient in the soil and use balanced organic fertilizer and keep maintain soil pH at 6.5 to 7.
  • Blossom end rot is a result of an environmental effect and most of the tomato plant varieties may be affected during a particular time. Don’t be overwhelming, this problem normally changes of its own without taking any steps.
Blossom End Rot (BER) Resistant Tomato Varieties

02: Blossom Drop

Blossom drop is a temporary tomato plant problem causes for extreme temperature fluctuation. When the temperature goes too high or too low, flowers dry up and blossom drop before the formation of fruits.

This is very common in tomato and pepper plants and you need to be patient to let the problem be gone by itself.

There have several issues for blossom drop but temperature fluctuation is the main reason.

Tomato Blossom Drop
Image Source: Pixabay.com

Causes and symptoms:

Blossom drop occurs when the night time temperature drops below 55° Fahrenheit or 12° Celsius and daytime temperature above 86°Fahrenheitor29°Celsius.

Inadequate pollination is another reason for blossom drop. Flowers pollination can be hampered due to temperature fluctuation, lack of insect pollinators, careless uses of insecticides or lack of proper humidity range in between 40-70%.

Careless fertilization can imbalance the soil nutrients which hampers blooming healthy flowers.

Overhead irrigation and frequent summer rainfall can increase the soil moisture if you don’t have a proper drainage system. On the other hand, low soil moisture due to lack of irrigation or drought can also encourage blossom drop.

Sometimes blossom drop happens when Tarnished plant bug attacks on the vegetable flower stem. 

Plant stress due to surviving from disease can also be a reason for blossom drop.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety : “Not available” contact local extension center for suitable varieties in your area.

  • Choose tomato varieties considering the USDA hardiness zone and microclimate condition of your local area.
  • Don’t plant warm weather tomato varieties in cooler condition.
  • Avoid early planting and when the day and nighttime temperature do not constantly remain suitable for the plants.
  • Fertilize your garden soil on time to balance soil nutrient.
  • Try to use organic matter for fertilizing and keep in mind that, overhead fertilization doesn’t increase fruit production.
  • Use pesticides after sunset because pollinators come to your garden in the day time. Besides, plant some nectar-rich flowers surrounding your vegetable garden to attract bees and other pollinators. Manually shaking or tapping your tomato plants is the last option to get pollinated.
  • Arrange proper drainage system to control moisture in the soil and deeply irrigate once a week in drought or dry season.
  • Use effective pesticides to get rid of Tarnished plant bug if you notice in your garden. They look very small around 7 millimeters long, oval in shape, flat and brownish color.

03: Buckeye Rot

Buckeye rot on tomato is a soil-borne fungal disease caused by three species of Phytophthora: P. capsici, P. drechsleri, and P. nicotianavar. parasitica. This fungus develops in warm and wet condition and can survive several years in the soil. Fruits may be affected when they touch the soil. They are commonly found in southeast and south-central regions of the United States.

Buckeye rot disease can affect tomato, pepper, potato, tobacco, pineapple, and many other hosts.

Causes and symptoms:

Buckeye rot performs better in warm and wet weather when the temperature remains between 75°- 86°Fahrenheit or 24°-30°Celsius.

A small brownish water-soaked concentric spot appears on soil touched portion of the fruit and finally shaped like a bulls’ eye.

Buckeye rot appears on both green and ripe fruits and they can travel through rainwater or surface water. Poor drainage system is another reason to thrive this disease.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety: “Not available” contact local extension center for suitable varieties in your area.

  • No disease-resistant varieties found to avoid this disease. So cultural and chemical control is necessary.
  • Planting in a raised bed and a proper drainage system will help to reduce the risk of the pathogen exists in the soil.
  • Plants staking and caging help to prevent the disease.
  • Rotate crops and avoid solanaceous plants at the same field next season.
  • Apply fungicides that contain chlorothalonil, maneb, man-cozeb, or metalaxyl through the sprayer to control the pathogen. Follow the fungicides label instructions and restrictions to get better output.

04: Gray Wall 

Grey wall on tomatoes is a fruit ripening problem which creates blotchy patches on fruit wall. Also known as blotchy ripening.

This mainly causes for environmental effects and typically attacks the greenery fruit.  Stems and leaves are not affected by this problem like a mosaic virus.

Gray wall on tomatoes, blotchy ripening
Image Source: Scot Nelson

Causes and symptoms:

Symptoms included grayish or brownish patches on green fruit. Spots develop inside and outside of the tomato fruits during the ripening period and turn yellow.

The problem performs better in extreme heat or high humidity as well as cool, wet or cloudy weather.

Signs appeared on densely growing plants or plants holding a lot of foliage prevent to get enough sunlight on tomato fruits which occurs uneven ripening.

High nitrogen in soil produces more foliage and reduces the performance of the tomato plant also promotes to patchy ripening. Imbalanced soil nutrient such as low potassium and boron contribute to blotchy ripening too.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety code: “GW”

  • Check your garden soil nutrients before planting each year.
  • Provide proper fertilizer according to the soil test report of your garden to reduce the risk of uneven ripening.
  • Watering your tomato plants regularly in the dry season and ensure proper drainage system.
  • Make sure your tomatoes get enough sunlight to get ripen.
  • Sometimes mild pruning works when you notice the extreme foliage growth, but don’t prune too much that causes sunscald.
  • Find disease resistant (mosaic virus) plant varieties to avoid this problem.
Gray Wall Resistant Tomato Varieties

05: Anthracnose

Anthracnose of tomato is a fungal disease caused by the pathogen Colletotrichum, which mainly attacks the green tomatoes. However, green fruits do not show symptoms before the fruits begin ripening.

Anthracnose usually attacks the fruits and sometimes harms the stem and foliage. In a greenhouse setting, the fungus may affect the roots.

This disease can be a red alert for the tomato growers and very devastating. There was no cure for the disease, so taking some preventive steps are the only way to reduce the risk.

Anthracnose on tomatoes
Image by Clemson University – USDA Cooperative Extension Slide Series – This image is Image Number 1436107 at Forestry Images, a source for forest health, natural resources and silviculture images operated by The Bugwood Network at the University of Georgia and the USDA Forest Service., CC BY 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=4313841

Causes and symptoms:

Anthracnose spread out in moist and humid condition and move through the water.

Eggplant, pepper, and potatoes are also hosting the disease.

Symptoms mostly appeared on ripen fruits rather than green fruits, although green fruits also are affected.

Anthracnose creates small sunken, watery ring spots on ripe tomatoes. They gradually become larger than sink into the fruits and turn a dark grayish color. You can find several lesions in a single fruit and when they spread, they join together and mark a large rotten section.

Fruits contact with soil have more possibilities to become affected by anthracnose.

This fungus works in a wide range of temperatures but performs better at 68°F to 75°F. Wet and humid weather influence to spread pink or orange mosses which occur fruit ripening.

Colletotrichum Fungus can survive on infected plant debris and sometimes the disease may be seed-borne.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety code: “A”

  • There have no disease-resistant varieties, so collect high-quality tomato seeds.
  • Apply fungicides on the soil before planting.
  • At least a two-year crop rotation can help you to prevent the disease. Avoid planting the same plant family corps like pepper, eggplant, and potatoes in consecutive years.
  • Staking tomato plants and plastic mulching can protect your fruits from touching the ground.
  • Remove weeds and susceptible host plant debris.
  • Picking up fruits as early as possible when ripen to reduce the risk of developing Anthracnose fungus and use them quickly because this method won’t keep your fruit fresh for a long time.
Anthracnose Resistant Tomato Varieties, Colletotrichum

06: Fruit Cracks

Tomato fruit cracks also known as tomato fruit splitting is a common fruit problem occurs for both environmental and physiological condition.

Temperature fluctuation in spring, sudden rainfall during the dry season, overhead watering, imbalance soil fertilization and other several issues associated with fruits cracking.

Typically, there are two types of fruit cracking such as concentric splitting which is surrounded by the fruit’s bud, and radial crack which vertically extant from the fruit stem to downwards.

Tomato Fruit cracks
Photo Courtesy: Scot Nelson

Causes and symptoms:

Excessive watering and heavy rainfall after dry season cause fruit cracking. Tomato interior absorbs extra water too fast and growing thoroughly that the skin of the fruit cannot stretch enough to take the extra load and splitting.

Rapid exposure of soil moisture and humidity push the tomato fruits to grow faster and resulting fruit cracks.

Irregular watering in warm and wet weather also occur tomato fruit cracking.

Temperature fluctuation during spring and late summer is another reason for fruit cracking.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety: Available”

  • Find some split or crack-resistant tomato varieties regarding your planting zone.
  • Mulching is another way to hold and control soil moisture which prevents fruits cracking.
  • Maintain a schedule water supply throughout the season.
  • Watering tomato plants deeply in the dry condition that subsequent rainfall doesn’t harm the skin which results in fruit cracks.
  • Install an automatic irrigation system or ask your neighbor to water your plants when you are on vacation.
  • Proper drainage system helps to flow out the heavy rainwater and overhead irrigation water from your garden bed.
  • Check your garden soil to apply balanced fertilizer which helps to reduce the risk of the disease. Overfertilization occurs extreme plant growth follow-on fruit cracking.
  • Pick up the cracking tomatoes at the early stage to reduce the damages. You can eat the cracking fruits if you harvest them earlier.
  • There is no chemical treatment for fruit cracking.
Fruit Cracking Resistant Tomato Varieties

07: Early Blight

Early blight of tomato is a common fungal disease throughout the United States which can affect leaves, fruits, and stems of tomato plants. It causes by the pathogen Alternaria Tomato Phila or Alternaria Solani.

This disease mainly attacks older plants as well as seedlings. It makes weaken the plants and reduces production.

Besides, eggplants and potato plants also are affected by the disease.

Causes and symptoms:

At the beginning stage, small round dark spots appear on the older leaves near the soil. Gradually the spots grow larger and turn brown moreover tissues around spots turn yellow. Finally, the leaves die and fall off.

Older stems turn dry brown when infected, as well as a seedling,  stems near soil line also turn brown, sunken, dry and ultimately fall off.

Fruits become infected near stems and crate dark leathery spot and finally drop from the plant.

Disease performs better in a warm and humid condition when the temperature goes 75°-86°F as well as after a heavy rainfall or dew where humidity reaches above 90%.

This fungus can survive in plant debris in the soil and spread out through wind exposure and water splash. The disease can also spread by seeds, insects or garden tools.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety code: “EB”

  • There is no cure to early blight. So, plant disease-resistant tomato varieties and collect seeds from disease-free plants.
  • You can also buy seed from renowned seed companies to avoid this problem.
  • Remove infected plant debris through burning or buried them in the ground. Don’t make compost by them.
  • Pruning and staking plants prevent spreading spores from one plant to another. Develop air circulation with proper spacing between plants to keep them dry.
  • Don’t walk in the garden after irrigation and rainfall or when the soil is wet.
  • At least 3-year crop rotation can reduce the risk to spread out the disease. Avoid planting eggplant, pepper or potato in the subsequent year where you last time planted tomatoes.
  • Use a raised bed or container for planting tomatoes and improve the drainage system.
  • Deeply water your plants rather than the overhead watering.
  • Don’t water over the plant leaves because it helps to spread out disease from one plant to another. You better water on the ground around the plants.
  • Sanitize your garden tools and wash your hand and shoes after working in the garden each time.
  • Mulching can prevent spreading out the spores of the disease.
  • Apply copper-based fungicides to protect your plants from the diseases. You can also found some chemical fungicides in your local gardening store or online shops.
Early Blight Resistant Tomato Varieties

08: Late Blight

Late blight of tomato is a devastating plant disease caused by the pathogen Phytophthora Infestans. It is a fungus-like disease which can affect leaves, stems, and fruits of the tomato plants and resulting death as well as total crop failure.

This pathogen can spread out rapidly and a great threat for the commercial and home gardeners.

Tomato and potato plants are mostly affected by this disease.

Late Blight on Tomato Leaf
Late Blight on Tomato Leaf
Image Source: Scot Nelson
Late Blight on Tomato Stem
Late Blight on Tomato Stem
Image Source: Scot Nelson

Causes and symptoms:

This pathogen is a water mold which only flourishes when it found cool and moist weather condition when the temperature remains between 60° to 75°Fahrenheit. And, it cannot spread out in hot and dry weather.

Typically, the pathogen cannot survive in dead plants and it doesn’t appear every year.

Symptoms included water-soaked spots on leaves and soon they turn into brown blotches which ultimately kill the leaves.

Stem infections create dark brown lesions with clear edges.

Fruit infections appear brownish lesions on the surface of the fruits.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety code: “LB”

  • There are some disease-resistant varieties to prevent the late blight tomato disease.
  • This is not a seed-borne disease so you can collect seed from infected plants.
  • Purchase spotless, healthy and vigorous seedlings from the nursery to reduce the risk of the disease and ensure they are late blight resistant.
  • Always keeps concern purchasing tomato seedlings and other host plants because the pathogen only survives in living plant tissue.
  • If you notice the infections earlier in a few tomato plants, immediately remove the plants from the field and destroy them with herbicide or burn them.
  • Use fungicides to manage infected tomato plants.
Late Blight Resistant Tomato Varieties

09: Bacterial Speck

Bacterial speck is a common tomato disease caused by the pathogen Pseudomonas Syringae Pv. Tomato. Pathogen thrives in cool and wet weather condition and mainly affects the tomato foliage, stem, and fruits

Bacterial speck of tomato
Bacterial Speck on Tomato Fruit
Image Source: Scot Nelson
Bacterial speck on tomato leaves
Bacterial Speck on Tomato Leaf
Image Source: Alan Collmer, Cornell University [CC0]
Bacterial Speck on Tomato Stem
Bacterial Speck on Tomato Stem
Image Source: Edward Sikora, Auburn University, Bugwood.org

Causes and symptoms:

The disease may come to your garden through contaminated seed or seedling

Pathogen thrives in temperature between 60°-75° Fahrenheit including wet weather.

It may circulate throughout the garden by rainwater or splashing of irrigation water. Besides, it may also spread out through hands or garden tools.

Symptoms included small dark spots surrounding yellow edges, which firstly appear on older foliage then gradually move to younger foliage.

Fruits also appear the symptom of pinpoint-like brown or black spots.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety code: “BS”

  • There is no treatment once the plants are affected, so collect seeds from a reliable garden store or seedlings form reputed nursery.
  • You can also apply seed treatment such as soaking seeds with 125°F water for twenty minutes or soaking seeds in a 20% Sodium hypochlorite solution for thirty minutes.
  • Avoid sprinkler to water tomato plants and always water on the ground around the plants, not over plant leaves.
  • Avoid wet field to work and always sanitize your garden tools after works.
  • Sometimes copper spraying may be effective to reduce the risk of some bacterial and fungal disease.
  • Remove garden plant debris and burn them.
  • Rotate the crop field and ensure proper drainage system.
Bacterial Speck Resistant Tomato Varieties

10: Bacterial spot

Bacterial spot of tomato is a devastating disease caused by four pathogens like Xanthomonas vesicatoria, X. euvesicatoria, X. gardneri, and X. perforans. It affects tomato furits, leaves and stems.

Wet and humid weather favors the pathogens to spread out.

The infected fruits are unmarketable and make a big loss of the growers.

Bacterial Spot on Tomato Leaf
Bacterial Spot on Tomato Leaf
Image Source: Howard F. Schwartz, Colorado State University, Bugwood.org

Causes and symptoms:

Warm and wet climate with a temperature between 75°-86° Fahrenheit is the optimum condition to spread out the disease.

Bacterial spot typically affects the ground parts of tomato plants including leaves, stems, and fruits.

Initially, black tiny spots surrounded by yellow edges appear on leaves. Gradually the leaves turn yellow and finally die and drop off.

Fruits become infected at the greenery stage and occur dark brown spots. Lesions are very similar to bird’s eye spotting, brown and scabby. Once the spots appear on fruits they grow on it but don’t rot it.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety: “Not available” contact local extension center for suitable varieties in your area.

  • There has no cure if the plants once affected by bacterial spot. So perversion is the right way to reduce the risk of the disease.
  • Use certified transplants and seed for your garden. Do not plant infected plants or seeds from infected fruits.
  • Avoid the field, if it is previously affected by the disease, at least a year. Don’t cultivate other host plants like pepper in that field too.
  • Use a copper spray or other herbicides recommended by the local extension center to prevent the disease.
  • Maintain a spraying schedule, based on the weather and presence of the disease.
  • Apply hot water treatment to kill the bacteria exist in seeds.
  • Remove plant debris and burn them at the end of the season.
  • Do not work in the wet field and confirm the proper drainage system.

11: Bacterial Canker

Bacterial canker of tomato is a serious bacterial disease caused by the pathogen Corynebacterium Michiganense or Clavibacter Michiganensis. It can affect both the home gardens and greenhouses.

Once it appears it can destroy all the surround tomatoes including fruits, leaves and stems.

It is a seed-borne disease comfort to perform better comparatively warmer and highly moist weather condition.

bacterial canker on tomatoes
Bacterial canker on Tomato Fruit
Photo Courtesy: Scot Nelson

Causes and symptoms:

Identify the disease at the initial stage is so difficult because there have several symptoms which may occur at any stage of the plant’s growth.

Temperature between 75-90° Fahrenheit with high moisture helps to spread out the disease.

Seedlings become wilted due to the attack of the pathogen and tiny white raised spots appear on leaves.

Yellow to tan patches appear on leaves with brown edges and the entire plant wilts and die.

Fruits shown bird’s eye resemble creamy white spots.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety: “Not available” contact local extension center for suitable varieties in your area.

  • Bacterial canker is a confusing disease for tomato growers to identify due to its wide area of symptoms. Moreover, the disease has no chemical treatment and more infectious comparing other tomato diseases.
  • The best way to overlook the disease by collecting disease-free seeds from certified seed companies. Don’t save your seed for the next year cultivation, if your local weather condition favors or infested by the disease.
  • However, if you use non-certified seeds you must soak them in a solution of 1-part germicidal bleach to 4 parts water for 1 minute. You can also soak them in 125°F water for 20 minutes.
  • None of the treatment will ensure 100% disease-free seeds. So, you must have to monitor the plants closely throughout the growing season.
  • Rotate you crop circle and avoid planting tomato related host plants like eggplants, peppers and potatoes at least 3 years.
  • Buy disease-free seedling from reputed nursery and never purchase the transplants which are pruned.
  • Do not work in the garden in wet condition after rainfall, irrigation or dewdrop.
  • Sterilize the garden soil when using greenhouse or seedbeds. Remove infected plant debris and buried them at the end of the season.

12: Mosaic Virus

Tomato mosaic virus (ToMV) is an unpredictable soil-borne fungal disease. This is hard to identify the disease without testing in a plant diagnostic lab.

Symptoms may vary on the tomato varieties, environmental condition, soil nutrients, and so many factors.

It has a wide range of hostages including tobacco, potato, pepper, eggplant, and other nightshade family plants. It can also attack lettuce, cucumbers, beets, apples, pears, cherries, and so many plants.

Tomato mosaic virus, ToMV
Image Source: Autor: Goldlocki – This is of my own making, CC BY-SA 3.0, Odkaz

Causes and symptoms:

The virus can be found at any stage of the plant growth and once appeared, there has no cure.

The pathogen of the mosaic virus can survive in the soil and plant debris for several decades.

Hamper plants growth and reduce yields.

Leaves may be curled and mottled yellow on green leaves.

The disease may appear in greenhouse condition where found low light and low temperature in winter.

Infected plants produce fewer fruits and leaves become stunted.

The inside of infected fruits may show brown areas.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety code: “T” or ToMV” or TMV”

  • There has no chemical treatment for the mosaic virus. So, use disease-free seeds or seedling from reputed sources. 
  • Remove and burn all the infected plants.
  • Do not collect seeds from infected fruits.
  • Do not work in wet condition in the garden.
  • Always wash your hands and sanitize your garden tools after working in the field.
  • Milk nutrients can kill the germ of the disease. Take one liter of milk and mix with 20 liters of soapy water. Sterilize your garden equipment and wash your hands with the milk solution.
Tomato Mosaic Virus Resistant Varieties, ToMV, TMV

13: Sunscald

Sunscald is a common noninfectious disease of tomatoes, mainly occur when they exposed to the direct sunlight during extremely hot weather.

Environmental effects mainly responsible for the disease and sometimes the gardener doesn’t have any control of the situation.

It may also occur due to fungal (Solanum lycopersicon) effects.

If your garden situated in a heat zone according to the American Horticultural Society (AHS), you should take some precautions when planting tomatoes to reduce the risk of sunscald.

sunscald in tomato, Solanum lycopersicon
Photo Courtesy: Scot Nelson

Causes and symptoms:

Symptoms appear yellowish or pale white spots on the side or upper half of the fruits where they directly expose to sunlight.

Constant sun exposure on the infected area produce blister and gradually the infected area turns thin, dry, wrinkled and papery surface.

Moreover, the scalded area later susceptible to secondary fungi like Alternaria.

Extreme or late pruning may cause sunscald.

Leaves drop off due to pests and diseases attack also causes the problem.

Lack of nitrogen during setting fruits can lead to sunscald.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety: “Not available” contact local extension center for suitable varieties in your area.

  • Sunscald can’t be cured once appeared. So, you can take some preventive steps to protect your tomato fruits from the extreme heat of the sun. Grow some tomato varieties that favor the planting zone you live in. 
  • Disease resistant tomato varieties also help to prevent sunscald, because sunscald may appear on tomatoes after attacking of pests and diseases.
  • Mulching can create a protective barrier and save your plans from soil-borne diseases.
  • Caging and staking of tomato plants with proper spacing can reduce the risk of extreme sun exposure.
  • Sometime you may need to remove foliage around your tomato fruits before mature. In that case, you can provide supplementary shade during extreme heating time of the day.
  • Avoid over-pruning of plants during hot weather condition. The foliage can give extra shade to your tomatoes.

14: Poor Fruit Set

Tomato plants holding enough foliage and a lot of flowers but no fruit set are usual to complain getting from the tomato growers.

If you found the same types of problem in your garden tomatoes, it may occur for unfavorable weather condition, temperature fluctuation, irregular watering, imbalanced fertilization, and poor growing condition.

Don’t be overwhelmed, the roots of the problems often predictable and easy to fix.

Poor Fruit Set of Tomatoes
Photo Courtesy: Anton Atanasov (Pexels.com)

Causes and symptoms:

Poor fruit set of tomatoes can occur due to insufficient pollination although tomato flowers can pollinate by itself.

However, insufficient pollinations may occur due to lack of wind exposure and insect pollination in greenhouse condition.

Insufficient place between tomato plants can also produce fewer fruits.

Besides, extremely hot weather condition when day time temperature rises and constants above 86°For 30°Cas well as night time temperature remains above 24°C or 75°F can make a disaster in the normal pollination process.

Imbalanced fertilization and lack of required nutrients when setting fruits on plants can lead to poor fruit setting problems.

Lack of sunlight exposure due to extreme foliage can also make poor fruit set.

Tomato plants need a minimum of eight hours of direct sunlight producing healthy fruits. The shade of large structure or big trees may be a barrier for healthy fruit set.

Irregular or little water to the plant also leads to less fruit set.

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety: “Not available” contact local extension center for suitable varieties in your area.

  • Plant some beneficial flowers around your garden to attract bees and other natural pollinators.
  • Greenhouse and polythene tunnel tomato growers can open up their doors and vents to access air circulation inside the greenhouse structure for easy pollinations. It can also help to control humidity inside the tunnel and greenhouse as well as reducing the risk of the disease. 
  • Proper spacing between plants can help to circulate air in an open field, which help more pollination and produce more fruits. It also helps to control some diseases.
  • Maintain a schedule for watering in tomato plants and take some extra care when extreme hot weather going on. 
  • Apply the required fertilizers when preparing the soil to plant tomatoes in the garden.
  • After that, fertilize again the plants during they start setting fruits and continue mild fertilizer once every one or two weeks until the season end. (Learn more about fertilizing tomatoes)

15: Catfacing

Tomato catfacing is mainly a physical deformity of fruits may cause by various uncertain reasons. Commercial tomato growers as well as home growers economically affected by this disease.

Infected tomato fruits look very wired and shaped like a face of a cat.

However, you can eat the fresh part of infected fruit. It doesn’t change the taste of the fruit and not even harmful.

catfacing tomatoes
Photo Courtesy: Andy / Andrew Fogg

Causes and symptoms:

There was no specific reason for happening the problem and a little research done on this disease.

Fruits appear dark brownish scar tissue sunken on fruit wall and swelling.

When the temperature remains below 24°C may susceptible to catfacing.

Imperfect pollination and physical damage of blossoms can lead to the disease.

The problems more vulnerable to heirloom or larger fruit varieties.

Excessive pruning and exposure to herbicides also can cause catfacing deformity. 

Treatments and controls:

Disease-resistant tomato variety: “Not available” contact local extension center for suitable varieties in your area.

  • There has no specific solution to control the disease. Only preventive measures and maintaining the proper guidelines of tomato cultivation can help to reduce the risk of the disease.
  • Find varieties which have no historical track record of being affected by catfacing disorder.
  • Plant after the ground-level temperature rise above 55°F.
  • Monitor your garden soil temperature fluctuation and be patient until the situation is normal.
  • Confirm proper drainage system for your tomato plants.
  • Planting tomatoes with proper spacing between plants.
  • Don’t use high nitrogen fertilizer if not needed as well as avoid excessive pruning.

How to read tomato codes

Tomato Disease Resistance codes, Tomato Plant Growth Habit Codes

Conclusion:

Some tomato fruit problems are easily identifiable and some problems may happen for several reasons. Here I discuss in short of causes, symptom and the possible solution of the most common fruit problems of tomatoes.

To learn more share experience with your neighbor gardener or contact the local county extension office.


Read More:

*** 7 Basic Reasons Behind Common Tomato Plant Problems

***10 Common Tomato Leaf Problems and Solutions

*** 5 Common Tomato Stem Problems and Solutions

Sources and Citations:

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